Last edited by Bahn
Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

2 edition of State of the earth"s atmosphere in the Arctic. found in the catalog.

State of the earth"s atmosphere in the Arctic.

University of Alaska (College). Geophysical Institute.

State of the earth"s atmosphere in the Arctic.

Research report no. 2-12.

by University of Alaska (College). Geophysical Institute.

  • 34 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published in [College .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Atmosphere.

  • Edition Notes

    On cover of no. 2-4: University of Alaska, Geophysical Observatory.

    Other titlesThe earth"s atmosphere in the Arctic.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination12 no. in 2 v.
    Number of Pages12
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14258719M

      Atmospheric effects of Arctic snowmelt Date: Septem Source: University of Alaska Fairbanks Summary: Researchers are exploring the changing chemistry of the Arctic's atmosphere to help.   In fact, this extreme region has warmed faster than any other on earth, with the Arctic temperature increasing three to five times faster than the Earth as a whole over the past years.

    Before stating the important issues and effects, there’s some background information that will be helpful to keep in mind. First of all is the greenhouse effect, which is defined as “The phenomenon whereby the earth’s atmosphere traps solar radiation, caused by the presence in the atmosphere of gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane that allow incoming sunlight to pass.   As the atmosphere warms over Arctic Ocean and spreads over land, it triggers melting of the permafrost which releases methane by decomposing previously frozen vegetation.

      By June , Arctic sea ice had already melted to its lowest extent for the month since satellite record keeping began in , according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center. How does this affect our weather in the short term and climate in the long term? In several ways, says Andrew Carleton, a Penn State professor of physical geography who specializes in studying sea. This animation shows surface temperature anomalies in the Arctic for each year from through The orange and red colors represent an increase of 0 to 7 degrees C, while the blue colors represent a decrease of 0 to 7 degrees. The data used to create images 5, 6, and 7 were collected by the AVHRR instruments onboard the NOAA POES satellites.


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State of the earth"s atmosphere in the Arctic by University of Alaska (College). Geophysical Institute. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Provides state-of-the art remote sensing techniques (from ground, ship, air and space) as applied for the polar region; Includes tips on how to protect the changing Arctic environment in a warming climate; Presents current knowledge on the Arctic atmosphere.

A warming planet will also melt Arctic permafrost, which contains trillion tons of carbon, more than twice as much as is currently suspended in the earth’s atmosphere, and some of which, when it thaws and is released, may evaporate as methane, which is thirty-four times as powerful a greenhouse-gas warming blanket as carbon dioxide when.

A Farewell to Ice: A Report from the Arctic 1st Edition Should be required reading for each citizen of planet Earth. Praise to Professor Wadhams for writing with honesty. I happen to agree with. Though I consider myself fairly knowledgeable about climate change in general, and the state of the arctic sea ice in particular, I was Cited by: Temperature in the Arctic and the Antarctic: The Differently Directed Trends: /ch This chapter aims at the consideration of world temperature dynamics and its prediction in the polar regions of the planet.

The global warming started in theAuthor: Valentin Sapunov. Probing the Arctic atmosphere. One of the least industrial areas of Earth is a crossroads for pollution. In a bustling room in Fairbanks, Alaska, a group of researchers watched two blips move eastward on a map of the Arctic.

It can chemically scrub out ozone-normally not a bad thing in the Arctic, where a portion of ground-level ozone is a result of air pollution from the mid-latitudes-and it can transform an unreactive form of mercury into a reactive form.

Reactive mercury can fall out of the atmosphere into snow, ice. Atmosphere Land Unique Imagery Remote Sensing. Australian Smoke Plume Sets Records. Potent wildfires sent one of the largest plumes of smoke higher into the stratosphere than certain satellites have ever observed.

Published Image of the Day Atmosphere Heat Land Drought Fires Remote Sensing. Subscribe To Our Newsletters. One of the main components of Earth’s interdependent physical systems is the atmosphere. An atmosphere is the layers of gases surrounding a planet or other celestial body.

Earth’s atmosphere is composed of about 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and one percent other gases. A temperature inversion is an increase in temperature with height in an atmosphere layer. On a clear winter night where there is a rapid cooling of land, the lower layers of the atmosphere lose heat to Earth's surface.

As a result, the lower layers of air become cooler than the air above. Earth’s orbit around the sun and its rotation on a tilted axis causes some parts of Earth to receive more solar radiation than others.

This uneven heating produces global circulation patterns. offsite link For example, the abundance of energy reaching the equator produces hot humid air that rises high into the atmosphere.

He was thrilled: As a youth he had dreamed of exploring the Arctic, attracted by both the scientific and physical challenges. During this expedition Wegener became the first to use kites and tethered balloons to study the polar atmosphere. Greenland, despite its name, is almost entirely covered in glaciers, as shown by this satellite : Patrick Hughes.

The average Arctic winter temperature is ° F (°C), while the average Arctic summer temperature is ° F (° C). In general, Arctic winters are long and cold while summers are short and cool.

And some places in the Arctic are actually warmer then you might expect because they are near the coast and are warmed by the warm ocean water.

Tans: The Arctic is warming faster than other places on Earth and there’s a lot of speculation surrounding permafrost melt. To give you an idea of the magnitude, the current amount of CO2 in the atmosphere is about billion metric tons ( billion long tons) of carbon.

Before the Industrial Revolution, it was more like billion metric tons. The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's atmosphere of Earth protects life on Earth by creating pressure allowing for liquid water to exist on the Earth's surface, absorbing ultraviolet solar radiation, warming the surface through heat retention (greenhouse effect), and reducing temperature.

Our books and journals illuminate the complex relationships of the atmosphere, meteorology, and climatology. Against the background of global climate change, current research contributions address the associated economic, social and societal challenges.

Wildfires are sweeping across the top of the planet. This summer alone, hundreds of wildfires have burned millions of acres of forest in Alaska, northern Canada and Siberia. Scientists at the University of Alaska's International Arctic Research Center see a link to climate change.

The Earth's early atmosphere. The Earth formed about billion years ago. Scientists believe that its early atmosphere.

was produced by volcanic activity. “Thawing permafrost throughout the Arctic could be releasing an estimated million tons of net carbon per year to the atmosphere,” the. In the ionosphere, the ions of the solar wind collide with atom s of oxygen and nitrogen from the Earth’s atmosphere.

The energy released during these collisions causes a colorful glowing halo around the poles—an aurora. Most auroras happen aboutkilometers ( miles. This is an excellent book that should be considered a must-have-read on the topics.

The book covers the following topics: First, the polar regions (with emphasis on the Arctic) with their specific features of the atmosphere and the ocean separated by a thin layer of sea ice floating at the surface of the ocean - at least in winter time, so far/5(55).

Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place; climate is a description of aggregate weather over time.Arctic Collaborative Environment (ACE) Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) is an internet-based, open-access, Arctic focused, environmental research and decision support system.

It integrates data from existing remote sensing assets with products from existing and new environmental models to provide monitoring, analysis, and.At any given time, about 20 × 10 12 tonnes of this is in the form of water vapor in the Earth's atmosphere (for practical purposes, 1 cubic meter of water weighs one tonne).

Approximately 71% of Earth's surface, an area of some million square kilometers ( million square miles), is covered by ocean.